Croatian International Relations Review

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Kamonphorn Kanchana
Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration, Chiang Mai University, Thailand

This study aims to determine the effect of a shift in energy norms on the diffusion of energy security at the international level and the international normative order of energy. The data were collected using a cross-sectional methodology, and 220 responses were collected successfully. The Partial Least Square – Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) is utilized for data analysis, and Smart PLS 3.0 is employed. The findings confirmed that a shift in energy norms considerably and positively affects the international spread of energy security. Statistical analysis also confirmed that a shift in energy norms affects the international normative order of energy. The study has contributed novel findings to the body of knowledge, and the policy implications of this research are significant. The limitations and prospective directions of this research are explained.

Keywords: International norms; norm diffusion; energy security; normative order.