Croatian International Relations Review

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Diana Fawzia
Director of the centre for political studies and community development, Universitas Nasional
Af Sigit Rochadi
Sociology Department Universitas Nasional Jakarta Indonesia
Ganjar Razuni
Political Science Department Universitas Nasional Jakarta Indonesia
Sastra Tamami
Economics and Business Department Universitas Riau Kepulauan Batam Indonesia
Martius Martius
Economics and Business Department Universitas Riau Kepulauan Batam Indonesia

The fall in voter turnover has emerged as a significant concern, particularly in island regions, warranting increased attention from researchers. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to investigate the impact of political fragmentation and labor migration on the fall in voter turnout in Batam, Indonesia. This study also investigates the moderating influence of insufficient government support on the relationship between political fragmentation, labor migration, and the fall in voter turnout in Batam, Indonesia.The analysis utilized a quantitative methodology and collected primary data through the administration of questionnaires. The research employed the smart-PLS methodology to examine the interrelationships among the variables. The findings revealed a strong correlation between political fragmentation and labor migration and the fall in voter turnout in Batam, Indonesia. The findings also revealed that the absence of government assistance has a substantial moderating role in the relationship between political fragmentation, labor migration, and the fall in voter turnout in Batam, Indonesia. This study serves to assist policymakers in formulating policies aimed at enhancing voter turnout in Batam, Indonesia. Additionally, it provides guidance to election organizers, emphasizing the importance of recognizing migrant behavior in order to mitigate any potential reduction in voter participation that may undermine confidence in the democratic process.

Keywords: Political Fragmentation, Voter Mobility, Voter Decline, Migrants, Local Politics.