Europe is on the move. Croatia’s recent application for the membership to the European Union has been excellent news in the headlines. In the new European architecture the proper definition of the Council of Europe’s place and role will be our most important challenge. With 800 million Europeans, at present, in 44 member states, we are Organization of the One Europe. The Human Rights Convention is the Council of Europe’s quality seal – the heart and basis of the European Community of peace-loving states. As a next step, accession to the European Cultural Convention should take place. The third step would be the accession to the European Social Charter. Like the Council of Europe, the EU wants to create a common legal area in Europe. The Council of Europe closer partnership with EU is political necessity.