The article discusses the main causes of the Kosovo crises, with a reflection to the recent NATO-Serbian war pointing out to the fallacies of oversimplifications and failure to account for the complex underlying political social factors characteristic for the southeast Europe and the Balkans. The Kosovo crisis should be seen in principle as one of the phases of the collapse of Yugoslavia which was, in turn, a consequence of the political transition. Of further relevance is to analyse the historical perspective in which the Albanian population traditionally existed in Kosovo. The position of the main players in the Kosovo conflict are further analysed and several possible scenarios for the future developments in the region are briefly outlined. Finally, the Croatian policy toward Kosovo is addressed pointing out to specific Croatian interests and suggesting a preferred regional policy toward Serbia and its political makeup.