The fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) offers several opportunities for institutions; nonetheless, implementing Industry 4.0 is a significant issue. Although the sophisticated applications of Industry 4.0 contribute to increased efficiency and effectiveness, implementing Industry 4.0 is the most important task. Similarly, the communist party of Vietnam, the dominant party of Vietnam, has a similar dilemma. Consequently, this study aims to investigate the function of Industry 4.0 for the Vietnamese communist party. The current study utilized secondary data to attain its purpose. Secondary data consist of the evidence from prior studies. According to the study, Industry 4.0 plays an important role for the Vietnamese communist party. Industry 4.0 applications accelerate the digital transformation of political parties, government agencies, and mass groups. It aids the governing party in reevaluating the role and functions of the state, the manner of party rule, and the overall structure of the political system in light of the new situation. In addition, Industry 4.0 promotes reforms in the political system's overall structure and the party's manner of leadership. Therefore, this study makes a substantial contribution to the body of knowledge, which has a variety of practical applications.