The Non-Aligned Movement yestreday and today – in the process of globalization: critical view


The paper: the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) yesterday and today tries to examine its achievements and failures - during the Cold War, and now in the process of globalization. Also, the main objectives were the decisions and events in the realities in both periods. Two aspects were highlighted: that NAM was primarily, and now almost totally, a grouping of developing countries and that the NAM grew from 25 to 113 member-states in the time from 1961 (first summit in Belgrade) until 2003 (XIII summit in Malaysia). The main achievements: presentation of an alternative to block policy of Great Powers, during the bipolar structure of international relations, the constant support, primarily through its Conferences and in the United Nations for world peace, détente and disarmament, and prevention of dividing the world exclusively in block division (East and West). The failures: general trend towards confrontation instead for dialogue and compromise, especially with developed world. Ideological approach to main issues, accusing the USA and other Western powers for almost everything, and then, the USSR, for nothing (directly), although NAM has in substance preserved its non - block character.