Moderating Effect of International Relations among Information Capital, Supplier Trade Integration and Performance: An Evidence from International Trade Business in Iraq




Supplier trade integration, information capital, international relations, performance, Iraq.


Companies that increase their performance efficiency will have more funds available for business development and expansion. A company that improves its client-facing services will experience a rise in customer growth, providing it with a competitive advantage in a specific industry. The literature reviewed reveals that information capital and supplier trade integration significantly enhanced performance through international interactions because international connections enable businesses to collaborate and share knowledge to address global issues that transcend national boundaries. Therefore, the present study aims to examine the moderating effect of international relations on the relationship between information capital, trade integration, and international trade company performance in Iraq. The information was gathered from Iraqi foreign trade business managers. Quantitative research methodology, cross-sectional research design, and Partial Least Square (PLS)-Structural Equation Modelling were utilized in this study (SEM). The direct impacts of the regression reveal that information capital and supplier trade integration have a significant and favorable effect on performance. Additionally, the indirect moderating effect suggests that international contacts greatly increase the relationship between supplier trade integration, information capital, and international trade company performance. These findings contributed a body of literature from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective that could aid both researchers and policymakers in elevating the significance of international relations for supplier trade integration and information capital to boost the performance of international trade businesses.