The Projected Role of Government in Developing Public Policy to Strengthen the Liquefaction Disaster Resilience System: A Case of Indonesia


Liquefaction Disaster Preparedness System; Public Policy; Scenario-Based Planning; Micmac Analysis


Based on and increased intensity and frequency of the natural hazards, many parts of the world are continuously adopting measures to strengthen the liquefaction disaster preparedness systems. Therefore, the current study aims to systematically analyze the government's role in developing public policy to strengthen the liquefaction disaster resilience system, particularly linked with public health in a developing nation, i.e., Indonesia. For that purpose, the literature review and experts' opinions in the form of a self-administrative survey and interviews were utilized to collect the data. Cross-impact Direct Influence (CDI) matrix was applied to formulate the questionnaires. Simultaneously, for the analysis of the data, MICMAC analysis, and Scenario Wizard software were applied. The research results of MICMAC analysis revealed 11 important/key variables with a prominent role in controlling and minimizing the damage caused by natural disasters in developing nations. Additionally, 33 probable states of the key variables were explored and conceptualized by applying the Scenario-Wizard Method. The findings presented four scenarios depicting stronger consistencies. Besides, the most desirable and ideal features to strengthen the liquefaction disaster resilience system linked with public health in Indonesia were found in scenario one. Furthermore, this research is a valuable addition to the public policy in presenting the important predictors of mitigating the effect of liquefaction disasters and preparedness of an advanced system to minimize the damage caused by such disasters.